The Enlightenment was an intellectual, philosophical, cultural, and social movement that spread through England, France, Germany, and other parts of Europe during the 1700s. The Enlightenment represented about as big of a retreat as possible from the Middle Ages—the period in European history lasting from roughly the 5th century to the 15th.
The Enlightenment opened a path for independent thought, and the fields of mathematics, astronomy, physics, politics, economics, philosophy, and medicine were drastically updated and expanded. The amount of new knowledge that came about was staggering. Just as important was the enthusiasm with which people approached the Enlightenment: intellectual salons popped up in France, philosophical discussions were held, and the increasingly literate population read books and passed them around feverishly. The Enlightenment and all of the new knowledge thus infused nearly every part of civilized life. Whether considered from an intellectual, political, or social viewpoint, the advancements of the Enlightenment transformed the Western world into an intelligent and self-aware civilization.
Objectives: 1. Analyze the effects the Enlightenment philosophers had on government and society?
2. Compare and contrast viewpoints of Hobbes and Locke. Resources: