The National Convention worked to suppress all opposition and revolts within France. The Reign of Terror, as it became known, lasted from September 1793 to July 1794. As Robespierre wrote, "It is necessary to annihilate [completely destroy] both internal and external enemies of the republic or perish with its fall."
The Law of Suspects issued in 1793 defined these suspected enemies:
"Those who have shown themselves the enemies of liberty, those who cannot justify their means of existence and the performance of their civic duties,...those of the former nobles who have not constantly manifested their attachment to the revolution, and those who have emigrated during the interval between July 1, 1789, to April 8, 1792."
The Revolutionary Tribunal punished the enemies of the Republic and sent its opponents to the guillotine to be executed.
Objectives: 1.Examine the life and values of Robespierre to determine his motivations for taking France in the Direction he did.
1. Do you agree with Robespierre's decision to conduct the Reign of Terror? 2. Explain in a paragraph, what happened in France following the execution of King Louis. 3. What were the main causes of the ‘Reign of Terror’? 4. Write a one paragraph obituary for someone who died during the Reign of Terror. Be creative!