As the French Revolution dragged on the situation became grim. 'The Terror' created by the Committee of Public of public safety came to an end with the death of Robespierre and the fifth government of the Revolution began. The Directory was an attempt to restore legitimacy and order to France. Plagued by corruption, inaction, and having too much power in the hands of the legislature the five 'directors' were essentially powerless. Enter Napoleon Bonaparte; he was righteous, strong willed, and a military tactician. Executing a coup de tat he used his backing of the conservative military to over through the directory and create yet another government complete with a new constitution; The Consulate.
Objectives: 1. Analyze the meteoric rise of Napoleon in order to gain insight into his character.
2. Examine his actions to determine his motivations in carrying out the programs that he did.
Discussion Question: Was Napoleon an Enlightened Revolutionary or Power-Hungry Tyrant?
Objectives: 1. Examine the merits and achievements of Napoleon I. 2. Offer your own explanation as to whether or not he was a hero of the revolution and people, or a tyrant.
Napoleon's Empire By 1810 Napoleon Bonaparte had conquered the majority of Western Europe. While Russian, Austria, and England remained unconquered no power on Continental Europe could stand before the might of his army. Once he had consolidated his power Napoleon declared France and Empire and took the Title Napoleon I.
Napoleon I then set about the task of spreading the ideas of Revolutionary France, and French Culture to the rest of Europe. He encouraged artistic experimentation, mechanical innovation, transportation improvements, and educational reform. His greatest achievement he believed however was the codification of the law. The Napoleonic Codes were an easy to understand, accessibly explanation of the rights of the people in all areas of life under the law. Much like Hamarabi, and Emperor Justinian before him Napoleon I had taken his place as one the of the great leaders and law givers of his time.
Assignment: 1. What was Napoleon I hoping to accomplish via war in Europe? 2. Were Napoleon's goals accomplished through war, why or why not? 3. How did Napoleon guarantee the goals of the revolution would be achieved, and how did he use the law to do it? 4. Was Napoleon a skilled leader for France, why or why not? Consider both his domestic and foreign policy. 5. Was Napoleon an enlightened monarch, or a power hungry tyrant? Explain with evidence.