It was the Greek Philosopher Plato that said, "necessity is the mother of all invention," and he would have been right except for the industrial explosion that began in England in the 1700s. As public lands were consolidated into massive centers of agriculture the great age of independent farming came to an abrupt and violent end. Thousands were prevented from working the land their families had cultivated for generations and had little choice but to head to the cities. Society was changing faster than anyone could track. Cities were little more than giant factory towns were people slept and ate in between their working waking hours.
In 1848 John Stuart Mill wrote, "Industrialization has enabled a greater proportion of workers to live the same life of drudgery and imprisonment and an increased number of manufacturers and other to make fortunes."
Objectives: 1. Analyze the impact of Adam Smith's philosophy on the construction of Victorian English Society, and by extension our modern global society.
2. Analyze how the impact the increased use of machinery affected workers and working conditions.
Assignment: 1. How did the increased use of machinery affect workers and the conditions in which they worked? 2.Describe Victorian England be as descriptive as possible. How does London look, feel, smell; what color best represents it? 3. What is the main idea of Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations? 4. Why does Adam Smith say England need to change its laws relating to apprenticeship? 5. What will happen after the laws have been changed and industry is allowed to flourish? 6. What is 'the invisible hand' that Smith talks about in his philosophy?