During the 1800s, Europeans continued their expansion. At first the Europeans had little influence in the places where they settled. In about 1870, though, they began to take control of these new areas, viewing expansion as a right and a responsibility. "It is our duty," explained a famous supporter of expansionism, "to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory..."
Imperialism is when one country takes control of another country. One might control the other's government, trade, or culture.
Types of Control: 1. Settlement Colonies- large groups of people from one country living together in a new place. Ex-Australia 2. Dependent Colonies- a few European officials ruled the non-European people. Ex- India 3. Protectorates- the local ruler kept his title, but the Europeans really controlled the area. Other nations were kept out. Ex- Egypt 4. Spheres of Influence- an area in which a nation had a special interest and other nations agreed to respect those special interests. Ex- China
Objective: 1. Analyze what is imperialism and how imperialists have sought to control other peoples
Questions: 1. What are three reasons (other than the quest for resources) for European Colonization of the known world?
2. Evaluate the impact of the quest for resources, and land on the indigenous people of Africa. How did the quest for land and resources affect the people living in Africa and other lands that were colonized?
3. Describe what are the different methods by which Europeans colonized the world.