Imperialism was about the acquisition of territory to amass the most resources. The larger the colonial possessions the more powerful that nation was perceived on the world stage. To the left is The British Empire circa 1740. As more and more nations turned into empires less and less territory became available for conquest. The Situation came to a head in China. As more of the world's underdeveloped territories became imperial colonies of the great nations those nations that got into the imperial game late found themselves cut off from the vital resources they needed to industrialize. This, and a crisis in China, lead to the proposal of John Hay's (American Secretary) Open Door Policy.
The British Empire
The Russian Empire
The American Empire
The Japanese Empire
The French Empire
Spheres of Influence-China
Take a look at the maps above demonstrating the many Empires of the Western World, you should notice a common trend; China. China posed a problematic situation, all of the above empires had interest with its borders, and made large profits selling its many wares, silks, porcelains, and spices. Rather than go to war with one another they agreed to split China up into spheres of influence. Examine the map to the right.
Objectives: 1.Examine the major global empires that existed at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries. 2.Analyze the policies and practices connected to creating spheres of influences.
Assessment: 1.What are three things that you can learn about the world at the end of the 19th Century by examining the different maps of these global empires? 2.How could China be best described in the year 1900. What are two factors that lead to this situation? 3.Who were the boxers, and why did they rebel? 4.Under what circumstances did the Boxer Rebellion come to an end? Why was it such a peculiar (strange situation)? 5. What is 'The Open Door Policy'? 6. Using the Sphere of Influence map and The Open Door Policy explain how the open door policy sought to encourage cooperation between the western allies and China.