Latin America consists of nineteen sovereign states and several territories and dependencies which cover an area that stretches from the northern border of Mexico to the southern tip of South America, including the Caribbean. It has an area of approximately 7,412,000 sq miles, almost 13% of the Earth's land surface area!
The term "Latin America" was first used in an 1856 conference with the title "Initiative of the Americas. An Idea for a Federal Congress of Republics" (Iniciativa de la América. Idea de un Congreso Federal de las Repúblicas), it was proposed by the Chilean politician Francisco Bilbao.
He called for the creation of a confederation of Latin American republics to better search for their common defense and prosperity, without political or economic barriers between them. In the same work, he also detailed the principles under which such a confederation should work.
Intervention in sovereign Latin American Affairs may be the true national past time of the U.S. It has been doing it for the majority of it's 240 year history.
The Monroe Doctrine - included in President James Monroe's 1823 annual message to Congress it warned European nations that the United States would no longer tolerate any new colonization of Latin American countries. It was originally drafted to meet the major concerns of the day, but eventually became the basis of all U.S. foreign policy in the Western Hemisphere. The doctrine was put into effect in 1865 when the U.S. government supported Mexican president, Benito Juárez, diplomatically and militarily. Some Latin American countries viewed the U.S. interventions, allowed by the Monroe Doctrine when the U.S. deems necessary, with suspicion.
The Roosevelt Corollary: was an addition to the Monroe Doctrine articulated by President Theodore Roosevelt in his State of the Union address in 1904 after the Venezuela Crisis of 1902–03. In order to uphold the central idea of the Monroe Doctrine, President Theodore Roosevelt reasoned that the United States must proactively prevent political and economic crises in Latin American states that might invite European intervention in the western hemisphere. Under Roosevelt’s watch the United States intervened militarily in Cuba to prevent a political insurrection, and sent administrators to prevent an economic crisis in San Domingo. Taking on the role of “international police power” marked a significant development in how the United States viewed its influence in the western hemisphere and eventually in world affairs.
The Teller and Platt Amendment: "Having just fought a war to liberate it's colonial possessions from Spain Americans were in no mood to support annexation of Cuba. The Teller Amendment disclaimed any disposition or intention to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction, or control over said island except for pacification thereof, and asserts its determination, when that is accomplished, to leave the government and control of the island to its people." The Platt Amendment however, allowed the United States "the right to intervene for the preservation of Cuban independence, the maintenance of a government adequate for the protection of life, property, and individual liberty..." It remained in effect until 1934.
Assessment: 1. Did The US Policy toward Cuba create the desired affect, explain with two examples of evidence. 2. Did US intervention in Latin America evolve from the 1950s to the 1980s? 3.How did the Cold War influence The United States relations with Latin America? 4.Does the US have the right to intervene in Latin America in the way that it has historically? 5.Did US intervention create the current situation in Latin America? I.E. Is the Pink Tide, and rise of dictators a direct result of US intervention, why or why not? Provide two examples. 6. Create a statement that best represents the relationship between the United States and Latin America and the enduring legacy of the Cold War. I.E. Did the US accomplish it's goals