As the conflict intensified The United States and its allies grouped themselves into new alliances, as did Russia. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization [NATO] was designed to safeguard the freedom and security of its members through political and military means. The USSR [Warsaw Pact] bolstered their allies and dug in for a long conflict the ability to contain the spread of each side became sticking point for both sides.
In the East under the guise of the Warsaw Pact countries acted as a buffer between Russia and Western Europe became known in the west as Satellite States. Nations like Poland had Pro-Russian Communist governments installed to carry out the will of The Kremlin [Government Compound similar to The White House].
Early in 1948 the Soviet Union had tried a blockade of West Berlin to show its might. Now these two organizations would try to contain the other while spreading their influence globally. Examine the two provided political cartoons from this era. What does each convey about the other's view the global situation?
The official Policy of Containment came from two speeches, and is most closely associated with American Foreign Policy
XP = 4 Objectives: 1. Examine the origins of the Cold War for connections to previous events. 2. Evaluate the role nuclear weapons played in the creation of tension between the Soviet Union and United States 3. Evaluate the the effectiveness of the Marshal Plan in Combating the spread of Communism.
Assessment: 1. Interpret the cartoons above, what is each trying to say about the the policy of containment and the cold war? 2. Why were military alliances such as NATO and The Warsaw Pact necessary? What did they hope to achieve? 3. What was the goal of the Truman Doctrine, and how was it different from the examples of American Foreign Policy that came before it? 4. Was the Berlin Airlift a practical application of the Marshall Plan, why or why not? 5. If you were in The United States Congress at this time would you have supported the Marshall Plan, why or why not? 6. Was the spread of Communism a realistic threat, why or why not?