The Cold War limped on through the 1970s, but during the 1980s the situation began to slowly thaw. A new Soviet Primer came to power, his name was Mikhail Gorbachev. Gorbachev was a reformer, and believed that the Soviet Union could create a market economy for itself, produce better goods, engage in open trade, and remain as it had been a unified power. Beginning in 1989 satellite nations in Eastern Europe began declaring independence. Like dominos countries began holding elections and forming democratic governments. What would the Soviet response be? On December 25, 1991 Mikhail Gorbachev The Premier of the Soviet Union resigned. In truth there wasn't much left of The USSR, but this was still a grand gesture. Later that same year Boris Yeltsen, President of The Russian Federation, began moving the government offices of Russia into The Kremlin, and for the first time in 70 years the Russian Flag flew over the land. The Cold War was over.
XP=4 Objectives: 1. Analyze the factors at play leading to the collapse of the Soviet Union. 2.Evaluate the effectiveness the policies of Mikhail Gorbachev (glasnost and perestroika) in ending the Cold War.
Assessment: 1. Provide three factors from The Great Thaw that contributed to the collapse of the Soviet Union. Which was the greatest among them? 2. Was Mikhail Gorbachev, and his reformist policies responsible for the collapse of the Soviet Union or was his rise to power due to changes in Soviet Policy? 3. How did Glasnost and Perestroika lead to events such as the fall of the Berlin Wall, the independence movements of satellite states, and the eventual collapse of the Soviet Union.